When is Open Enrollment 2022?

Updated on September 30th, 2021

Reviewed by Frank Lalli

We want to help you make educated healthcare decisions. While this post may have links to lead generation forms, this won’t influence our writing. We adhere to strict editorial standards to provide the most accurate and unbiased information.

What You Need to Know 

For most states, the 2022 Open Enrollment Period runs from November 1, 2021, to January 15, 2022. During these 10 weeks, you can sign up for health insurance, renew your current plan or change to a different plan. 

States that run their own Affordable Care Act Health Insurance Exchanges (also called Marketplaces) may have longer Open Enrollment Periods.

Once the Open Enrollment Period ends, you may be able to purchase a health insurance plan under a Special Enrollment Period if you have a life-changing event or become affected by a national emergency.

When Is Open Enrollment in Your State? 

You can buy health insurance for you and your family each fall during open enrollment. Sign-ups during the Open Enrollment Period begin on November 1, 2021 and end on January 15, 2022 for most states.

If you enroll in a health plan by December 15, 2021, your coverage will start on January 1, 2022.

Some states — 14 in all plus Washington, D.C. — have set up their own health insurance exchange outside the federal one. Several of these have expanded their Open Enrollment Periods to start before and/or remain open after the federal one ends. So, if you live in one of these states, you’ll have a longer window to purchase health insurance to cover you in 2022. 

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Here’s a state-by-state look at the 2022 Open Enrollment Period in all 50 states and the District of Columbia:

StateStart DateEnd Date
ALABAMANovember 1January 15
ARKANSASNovember 1January 15
ARIZONANovember 1January 15
CALIFORNIANovember 1January 31
COLORADONovember 1January 15
CONNECTICUTNovember 1January 15
DELAWARENovember 1January 15
FLORIDANovember 1January 15
GEORGIANovember 1January 15
HAWAIINovember 1January 15
IDAHONovember 1January 15
ILLINOISNovember 1January 15
INDIANANovember 1January 15
IOWANovember 1January 15
KANSASNovember 1January 15
KENTUCKYNovember 1January 15
LOUISIANANovember 1January 15
MAINENovember 1January 15
MARYLANDNovember 1January 15
MASSACHUSETTSNovember 1January 23
MICHIGANNovember 1January 15
MINNESOTANovember 1December 22
MISSISSIPPINovember 1January 15
MONTANANovember 1January 15
NEBRASKANovember 1January 15
NEVADANovember 1January 15
NEW HAMPSHIRENovember 1January 15
NEW JERSEYNovember 1January 31
NEW MEXICONovember 1January 15
NEW YORKNovember 1January 31
NORTH CAROLINANovember 1January 15
NORTH DAKOTANovember 1January 15
OHIONovember 1January 15
OKLAHOMANovember 1January 15
OREGONNovember 1January 15
PENNSYLVANIANovember 1January 15
RHODE ISLANDNovember 1January 31
SOUTH CAROLINANovember 1January 15
SOUTH DAKOTANovember 1January 15
TENNESSEENovember 1January 15
TEXASNovember 1January 15
UTAHNovember 1January 15
VERMONTNovember 1January 15
VIRGINIANovember 1January 15
WASHINGTONNovember 1December 15
WEST VIRGINIANovember 1January 15
WISCONSINNovember 1January 15
WYOMINGNovember 1January 15
WASHINGTON, D.C.November 1January 31

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Looking for Health Insurance?

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Looking for Health Insurance?

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What If You Sign Up After the New Year?

Keep in mind that if you apply for health insurance after December 15, your coverage may start later than January 1, likely, on February 1 or February 15. 

You’ll also want to pay close attention to when your premiums are due. Your coverage won’t start until you pay your first premium. It’s important to make sure you continue to pay your monthly premiums on time to avoid gaps in coverage or cancellation. 

What Do You Do if You Missed Open Enrollment?

If you miss the Open Enrollment Period, you generally won’t be able to sign up for new health insurance or change your existing insurance for the rest of the year. However, if you’ve had certain big changes in your life, you’ll be eligible to purchase insurance during a 60-day Special Enrollment Period

These life changes are known as “qualifying events.” They include getting married, having a baby or adopting a child, losing your health insurance due to divorce or a legal separation, turning 26 and aging out of a parent’s health insurance plan, losing a job, or moving to a new geographic area.

If you haven’t had a qualifying event and you’re left without health insurance, you’ll still have some options to fill the gap until the next Open Enrollment Period. One option is purchasing short-term health insurance. These plans provide far less coverage than what’s required by policies regulated by the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare). Still, their limited largely emergency benefits may meet some of your healthcare needs.

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A Word of Advice

Be sure to start considering your options early so you’ll have lots of time to compare plans and, for expert guidance, consult a licensed insurance broker.

Special Enrollment Periods for National Emergencies 

Extraordinary circumstances sometimes trigger additional Special Enrollment Periods when you can purchase health insurance on the Marketplace.1 These circumstances may include a hurricane, wildfires or other natural disasters. If you missed an Open Enrollment Period or a Special Enrollment Period because you were affected by a national emergency that was declared by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), you might have 60 days from the end of the incident period (which is decided by FEMA) to complete your enrollment in Marketplace coverage and request a retroactive start date. 

In response to the coronavirus pandemic, some states with their own exchanges have opened a Special Enrollment Period for uninsured residents. In several states, this window has already closed, but it’s still open in Maryland until December 15 and it’s ongoing in California. Learn more about Marketplace coverage and COVID-19 at healthcare.gov.

Next Steps

When life gets busy it’s easy to lose track of a task like applying for or evaluating your health insurance during the Open Enrollment Period. But it’s often critical to make time to do so; in most cases, the coverage options that are best for you and your family are only available during this window. 

Be sure to start considering your options early so you’ll have lots of time to compare plans and, for expert guidance, consult a licensed insurance broker. 

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  1. U.S. Government Website for the Health Insurance Marketplace. “Special enrollment periods for complex issues.” healthcare.gov (accessed October 2020).