The Land of Lincoln is rich in history as it is in health insurance options for individuals, families, and low-income residents.
Illinois is the sixth most populous U.S. state with approximately 12.8 million people.1 Nine insurance companies offer 2022 Obamacare plans in the state. Illinois’ public health insurance programs for low-income earners are much more robust. For example, enrollees in the state’s Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Program make up a fifth of the total population. There’s also a high number of Illinoisans enrolled in Medicare.
Below are highlights about Illinois and the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Plus, we’ve summarized different types of health insurance options available to Illinois residents.
How Has the Affordable Care Act Impacted Illinois?
Illinois’ uninsured population declined rapidly after the passage of the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA), also called Obamacare. Uninsured rates in Illinois fell by nearly 50% between 2010 and 2019. As a result, more than 880,000 Illinoisans gained coverage.
Illinois’ decision to expand Medicaid under the ACA led to more people having health insurance. Before 2014, single adults without dependents weren’t eligible for Medicaid, no matter their income. But 800,000 single adults (as of December 2020) have coverage thanks to Illinois’ Medicaid expansion. This increase accounts for about 28% of Illinois’ 2.5 million Medicaid enrollees.2
Illinois Health Insurance Marketplace Enrollment
Illinois operates a Health Insurance Marketplace in partnership with the federal government called Get Covered Illinois.3 You can apply for individual or family health insurance through the Marketplace, over the phone, by mail, or in-person at consumer assistance centers located statewide. This also applies if you’re a self-employed entrepreneur with no employees.
Open enrollment for health insurance in Illinois (both on and off the exchange) generally runs from November 1 to January 15 each year. After this date, you can only enroll in Obamacare if you have a qualifying life event.
Illinois Marketplace enrollment has declined every year since 2016. More than 388,000 residents were enrolled back then compared to about 291,000 in 2021.4
Medicare Enrollment and Coverage Options in Illinois
Illinois has the seventh-highest number of Medicare beneficiaries of any state. More than 2.2 million residents enrolled as of 2020. Approximately 73% are Original Medicare enrollees. The rest signed up for Medicare Advantage plans sold by private insurance companies.6
Some residents also get Medicare Advantage through group retiree programs. For instance, members of Illinois’ Teachers’ Retirement Insurance Program have access to Medicare benefits through Total Retiree Advantage Illinois (TRAIL). TRAIL is a Medicare Advantage plan that offers medical and prescription drug coverage to eligible members and their dependents.
If you’re an Original Medicare member, you can enroll in Medicare Supplement (also called Medigap) to help pay out-of-pocket expenses, such as copays and deductibles. In Illinois, Medicare beneficiaries under 65 receive the same open enrollment rights as seniors. Illinois law also mandates that insurers can’t charge people under 65 more for a policy than they would a senior.
Because Original Medicare doesn’t cover most prescription drugs, many beneficiaries also add a separate Medicare Part D drug plan. In 2018, more than 1.1 million Illinois beneficiaries enrolled in these plans.
Illinois Companies Offering Individual and Family Plans
Illinois has nine health insurance companies offering 2022 Marketplace plans.7 Residents in most counties can choose from more than one insurance carrier. Health Care Service Corporation (aka Blue Cross Blue Shield) is the only carrier that offers plans statewide. The other four offer plans in select counties.
- Bright Health Insurance Company of Illinois
- Celtic Insurance Company
- CIGNA HealthCare of Illinois
- Health Alliance Medical Plans
- Health Care Service Corporation, (HCSC, aka Blue Cross Blue Shield)
- MercyCare HMO
- Quartz Health Benefit Plans Corporation
- SSM Health Plan
Illinois Health Insurance Costs for Marketplace Plans
Average Low-Cost Premiums for Illinois Marketplace Plans
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Average Rate Changes
Federal Subsidies for Illinoisans
In 2020, 85% of Illinois Marketplace enrollees received premium tax credits to lower their monthly premiums. Meanwhile, 43% received cost-sharing reductions on silver plans to help reduce out-of-pocket expenses like copays and prescription drug costs.11
Before 2021, if you earned between 100% to 400% of the federal poverty level, you qualified for subsidies to help you pay for any metal plan.
In 2021, the federal government expanded subsidies and removed the maximum income for premium tax credits. Instead, you’re not expected to pay more than 8.5% of your annual household income on health insurance based on the price of the benchmark plan. The federal government would cover the balance through subsidies.
Examples of how much you could pay after subsidies.12
30 year old, Chicago, IL, earns $25,000 a year:
- 2021 Silver Plan: $38 per month ($240 without them).
Family of four, Peoria, IL, earns $50,000 a year:
- 2021 Silver Plan: $68 per month ($1,859 without them).
Check a 2022 subsidy chart and calculator to see which subsidies you might qualify for.
Illinois Health Insurance Programs for Low-Income Adults and Children
The Illinois Department of Healthcare and Family Services offers several health insurance programs for low-income residents. Benefits are available to eligible adults under 65, seniors ages 65 and older, disabled individuals, families, children, pregnant women, and women with breast/cervical cancer.
Medicare Cost Savings Program
Illinois offers financial assistance with Medicare Part B premiums, coinsurance, and deductibles to beneficiaries with low income. You qualify if your maximum individual income is $12,880 a year (as of 2021), which is equivalent to 100% of the federal poverty level (FPL). Cost savings are provided through Illinois’ Qualified Medicare Beneficiaries (QMB) program, which is jointly funded by the federal government.13 12
Illinois’ Medicaid program is generally provided for a low or no monthly cost to low-income residents, including:12
- Single, childless adults ages 19 to 64 earning up to 138% of the federal poverty level (FPL). ($1,481 a month in 2021.)
- Children under 19 in households that earn up to 147% of the FPL.
- Aged (65+), blind, and disabled individuals earning up to 100% of the FPL.
- Former foster care youths up to age 26 regardless of income.
- Workers with disabilities earning up to 350% of the FPL. These individuals can buy into Medicaid for a small monthly premium.
Illinois’ Breast and Cervical Cancer Program
Illinois offers a Breast and Cervical Cancer Program (BCCP) that provides enhanced Medicaid funding for screenings and treatment to eligible women earning up to 200% of the FPL. Although women of all incomes qualify, funding for care could be less if they have not enrolled in Medicaid.
You may qualify if you are an Illinois resident, have no insurance and are between 35 to 64 years old.
Health Coverage for Low-Income Families, Pregnant Women, and Children
If you’re pregnant or the custodial parent/caretaker of a child under 18, you and your family could get health insurance for little or no monthly cost.* Illinois’ FamilyCare and All Kids programs provide this coverage.14
*American Indian and Alaska Native families don’t pay any premiums or copays for family coverage.
You qualify for FamilyCare as a parent or caretaker if you’re a citizen or legal resident earning up to 138% of the FPL.
For a family of two, that cap is $1,945 a month.
If you’re a pregnant Illinois resident earning up to 213% of the FPL ($2,743 a month), you could get coverage regardless of your citizenship or immigration status.
All Kids Program
Illinois’ All Kids program offers medical, dental, vision, and prescription drug coverage to eligible children under 19 regardless of health or immigration status.
All Kids is available to households with income levels from 148% to 318% of the FPL. For example, a family of three qualifies if they earn between $2,690 to $5,819 a month.
Illinois Short-Term Health Insurance For Temporary Coverage Needs
Short-term health insurance plans in Illinois offer coverage for up to 181 but no renewals. Also, you can’t buy a new short-term plan within 60 days of ending another policy for similar coverage.
Short term health plans don’t count as major medical coverage and are not ACA compliant. However, they offer basic benefits for services like doctor visits and emergency care. Treatment for illnesses related to a pre-existing condition is generally not covered.
Short-term health plans can be helpful when you need to fill a temporary coverage gap. For instance, if you missed the ACA open enrollment deadline or you’re waiting for coverage to kick in at a new job. You can typically get a short-term health insurance policy within 24 hours.
That about covers it for all the different types of Illinois health insurance options available. Now you’re ready to make an informed decision about your health coverage needs.